Before laying tiles should check their quality, shade, size and whether the tiles are without flaws. To check select tiles from different cartons. Shade plates may differ from the model. If use is made of impregnation (wax), it must be removed before laying. Polished stone tile after laying and before grouting to be impregnated. After laying claims will not be considered. The basis of complaint is properly filled warranty card.
The methods of ceramic tiles.
There are three ways of tiling:
- “The glue.” This is the traditional method involving the laying of tiles on adhesive mortar adapted to the place of laying (inside or outside), the type of substrate (substrate hard or flexible), the load area (a house or production hall).
a) Adhesives – choice of adhesive manufacturer is an individual matter. Most popular producers on the Polish market are: Atlas, Henkel (Ceresit), Deitermann, Mapei, Sopro, Botament, Bolix, Shomburg. Most important is the selection of adhesive due to the application: on the outside – a flexible, large plates – oozing to the large flat surfaces – rozpływny etc.
b) The size of the teeth trowel – the general rule is the higher the greater the plate teeth trowel. eg. to a 30×30 tile is commonly used 8 mm teeth.
c) Orientation perform teeth: this is an important parameter particularly on the walls. Cloves should go vertically. This prevents slipping of the plates especially when laying the pool basin which is placed at the top.
d) The thickness of the adhesive: The most common mistake tilers is too thick adhesive layer. The thickness of the adhesive should not be less than 2 mm and not more than 5 mm. It is true that adhesives allowing layer thickness of 8-30 mm, but this should be treated as an absolute exception.
e) The adhesive is not to compensate for uneven floors!
- Vibration method. This is the method used in the commercial laying tiles on large surfaces. This method is laid thick plate pow.12 mm and dimensions of 15×15 cm to 30×30 cm. The tiles are laid on a cement mortar coated tack and then vibrated which guarantees to obtain a flat surface and accurate platelet adhesion to the mortar in order to obtain adequate strength.
a) The parameter to which you should pay attention when laying vibration is projected final level of the floor. Due to the required minimum thickness of concrete (3-4 cm) and a thickness of 12-20 mm plates should be adopted screed height -6 to -7 cm.
b) To obtain uniform adhesion of platelets to be used layers of tack. Often this for a reduction in the cost of cement is used. While for terrazo and clinker is acceptable to the porcelain tiles should use products such PLANICRETE.
c) Due to the large areas is absolutely necessary to use expansion joints usually from 6mx6m to 8mx8m.
d) When installing a vibration not very firm ground or on the floor to be used sliding layer for example. 2x foil and armed concrete under the tile grid 150x150x3mm.
e) Grouting backfill cement can be made with quartz sand and erase the float (variant cheaper) or weld fill with cement grout, epoxy or silicate, depending on the requirements of the investor.
- Mechanical fastening. Mechanical fixing of tiles used on the facades of buildings with anchors. There are two methods of fixing the anchors visible and invisible. On the facades of buildings are used plates with larger sizes from 30×60 to 60×120 cm.
a) A crucial element decisive for the application of ceramic tiles porcelain tiles for ventilated facades is the relatively low cost of performance (compared to the facade of stone), this is particularly true elevation of porcelain tiles mount visible. The advantage of the elevation of the tile is light weight and high strength with a relatively thin plate (usually 10-12mm). Technology fixing facade anchors concealed is much more difficult and requires specialized equipment with anchor bolts for example. VESSEL system, Graniti Fiandre or supply of pre-finished parts to be bonded as Agrob Buchtal.
b) The criterion of the use of ventilated facade is the height of the building. The use of adhesive technology the facade of the tall buildings creates the danger of falling off the tiles in case of elevation from freezing especially in our climate zone. In countries where the climate allows it elevations are made to 50 floors (Szanghai Beijing)
HG PROTECTION spots
Ceramic tiles and natural stone. Invisible protection against stains and dirt. For unglazed ceramic tiles, polished porcelain stoneware and natural stone.
Agent suitable for unglazed ceramic tiles (terracotta), porcelain stoneware and natural stone. Ensures effective protection against staining caused by liquids such as eg .: wine, oil, cola, etc. The center protects perfectly even porous surfaces. It is recommended to use especially in frequented areas such as hallways, kitchens, bathrooms, etc. For use indoors and outdoors.
The protected surface should be thoroughly cleaned:
ceramic tile, granite, slate – means HG Cleaner shiner, WAX AND Burdu
stoneware – means HG CLEAN GRES
marble, limestone – the middle HG MARBLE STRIPPER.
Apply protective measure HG Orkhon River from stains with a wide brush or soft roller. Formulation applied in a thin layer in one direction. In the case of highly porous tiles, apply a second coat after about two hours. The second layer is applied in one direction perpendicular to the first. Three hours after the protective layer can no longer walk on it and after 12 hours the surface is completely protected from stains.
The protected surface can be cleaned on a regular basis by such means as:
HG CLEAN, SHINY FLOOR
HG CLEAN GRES
HG CLEAN, SHINY MARBLE.
About 100 m2 of 1 liter.
HG PROTECTION spots